Hello Exam Seekers,
Today I bring you another part of the C1: Advanced Reading and Use of English Exam. The past few weeks I worked with Part 1 – Multiple-choice Cloze, Part 2 – Open Cloze, Part 3 – Word Formation, and today Part 4 – Key Word Transformation.
Part 4 – Key word transformation
This part of the exam consists of sentences followed by a ‘key’ word and a second sentence with a gap in the middle. You have to use this keyword to complete the second sentence, in three to six words, so that it means the same as the first sentence. There are 6 sentences to transform and each correct answer are up to 2 marks.
For this task, you should practice grammar, vocabulary, and collocation since they are sentences that should be common, like fixed expressions.
For example, if you have the following sentence: James would only speak to the head of the department alone, and you have the word ON to be used in the sentence that follows James _______________________ to the head of department alone, how would you use it?
There are some things that might help you here. First, you have to bear in mind that after a preposition comes a verb in the ING form. Second, look for the verb which was used, in this case, the verb “speak”, so now you have: _______ on speaking. This is something that you should know by using your knowledge of grammar. Your vocabulary knowledge would be tested by the use of a synonym for the word “would only”. You have to find one or two words that would replace the words “would only” and fit correctly in the sentence. so the synonym would be “insist”. Then you have: insist on speaking.
Look at the task below:
The first sentences were the example, let’s do number 26 together, ok?
So we have: My brother now earns far less than he did when he was younger, and the keyword is NEARLY. We need to use this keyword to complete the sentence My brother _________ much now as he did when he was younger.
If you have some fixed expressions in your mind, you know that it might be something like “(not) as nearly as much“, but we still need a verb to connect our sentence with the subject of the sentence given. So you check the verb used previously: “earn”, now you have “earn as nearly as much”. However it still does not fit well, the first sentence has a “less”, which means it opposes to the “much” in the second sentence. Therefore you have to transform your sentence into a negative sentence: “does not earn as nearly as“. And there you have it!
Sometimes there is more than one answer, so this sentence could have been answered by: DOES NOT/DOESN’T EARN | NEARLY SO/AS DOES NOT/DOESN’T MAKE | NEARLY SO/A. Some exercises give you that possibility, in this case, you should just remember to keep your word count to a maximum of 6 words.
Want to try another sentence? Go for it. I’ll leave the answers down below. But if you have any questions and you are not able to answer things correctly, comment in the comment section below that I might be of aid. Don’t forget to follow us at:
Share with people that might be interested in taking this exam or other exams, I’m sure I can help them too. By doing that you help me provide even more content for you and for everybody.
Have a great week,
PS: Answer key:
25 DOES NOT/DOESN’T EARN | NEARLY SO/AS DOES NOT/DOESN’T MAKE | NEARLY SO/AS
26 BEING PULLED DOWN | AND (BEING) REPLACED/ TO BE REPLACED TO BE PULLED DOWN | AND REPLACED
27 THE HIGHEST | (THAT/ WHICH) IT HAS EVER/ IT’S EVER
28 DISAPPOINTING/ A DISAPPOINTMENT | IN COMPARISON WITH/TO
29 IN SPITE OF | A/HER LACK
30 WARNING ABOUT/ REGARDING/ CONCERNING | THE DANGERS OF/WHEN CYCLING